Ecclesiastical courts


Ecclesiastical courts
Civil, common law and canon law were different legal systems co-existing uncomfortably; some way had to be found to permit coexistence. From the 12c, the *clergy had a privilege of belonging to the jurisdiction of the ecclesiastical courts. By the 13c, these courts had come to exercise jurisdiction over a great range of matters we might consider the province of civil law. For instance, the ecclesiastical courts had jurisdiction over marriage and legitimacy, and in the matter of wills and church land outside the feudal system. They also had the power to interpret bequests of personal estates and to settle disputes over wills, and to impose punishment of mortal sins and breaches of faith. Grants of probate and even the behaviour and actions of executors were under these courts' purview. Furthermore these Church courts dealt with any member of the Church, from the lowliest deacon or clerk, who committed an offence. Conflict between crown and Church over these courts arose from the fact that offenders in Church courts were deemed not properly punished: a murderer in a royal court would be mutilated or heavily fined, in a Church court a cleric would be defrocked - that being the severest penalty an ecclesiastical court could impose. -

Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases. .

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ecclesiastical Courts —     Ecclesiastical Courts     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Ecclesiastical Courts     I. JUDICIAL POWER IN THE CHURCH     In instituting the Church as a perfect society, distinct from the civil power and entirely independent of it, Christ gave her… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Ecclesiastical courts — Ecclesiastical Ec*cle si*as tic*al, a. [See {Ecclesiastical}, a.] Of or pertaining to the church; relating to the organization or government of the church; not secular; as, ecclesiastical affairs or history; ecclesiastical courts. [1913 Webster]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • ecclesiastical courts — In England, the collective classification of particular courts that exercised jurisdiction primarily over spiritual matters. A system of courts, held by authority granted by the sovereign, that assumed jurisdiction over matters concerning the… …   Law dictionary

  • ecclesiastical courts — (called, also, Courts Christian ). A generic name for certain courts having cognizance mainly of spiritual matters. A system of courts in England, held by authority of the sovereign, and having jurisdiction over matters pertaining to the religion …   Black's law dictionary

  • ecclesiastical courts — In Amercian usage, church tribunals taking cognizance of spiritual matters and internal controversies. English courts presided over by members of the clergy, which, in the course of time, have exercised jurisdiction over spiritual matters and… …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • Ecclesiastical Privileges —     Ecclesiastical Privileges     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Ecclesiastical Privileges     Ecclesiastical privileges are exceptions to the Law made in favour of the clergy or in favour of consecrated and sacred objects and places.     I.     The… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Ecclesiastical — Ec*cle si*as tic*al, a. [See {Ecclesiastical}, a.] Of or pertaining to the church; relating to the organization or government of the church; not secular; as, ecclesiastical affairs or history; ecclesiastical courts. [1913 Webster] Every… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Ecclesiastical commissioners for England — Ecclesiastical Ec*cle si*as tic*al, a. [See {Ecclesiastical}, a.] Of or pertaining to the church; relating to the organization or government of the church; not secular; as, ecclesiastical affairs or history; ecclesiastical courts. [1913 Webster]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Ecclesiastical law — Ecclesiastical Ec*cle si*as tic*al, a. [See {Ecclesiastical}, a.] Of or pertaining to the church; relating to the organization or government of the church; not secular; as, ecclesiastical affairs or history; ecclesiastical courts. [1913 Webster]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Ecclesiastical modes — Ecclesiastical Ec*cle si*as tic*al, a. [See {Ecclesiastical}, a.] Of or pertaining to the church; relating to the organization or government of the church; not secular; as, ecclesiastical affairs or history; ecclesiastical courts. [1913 Webster]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.